Roughly 30,000 species of plants are protected by CITES against over-exploitation through international trade. They are listed in the three CITES Appendices according to how threatened they are by international trade. They include some whole groups, such as orchids or a subspecies or geographically separate population of a species (for example the population of just one country).The lists of plants, including Namibian species, can be viewed on CITES appendices.
Two reports were prepared for CITES on Ceropegia and Harpago
The Convention on Biological Diversity
Namibia has submitted five reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity the fifth was published in March 2014.
The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020. was adopted by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (http://www.cbd.int/) and the objectives are listed below with links to relevant Namibian information.
Objective I: Plant diversity is well understood, documented and recognized
Target 1: An online flora of all known plants.
Target 2: An assessment of the conservation status of all known plant species, as far as possible, to guide conservation action.
Target 3: Information, research and associated outputs, and methods necessary to implement the Strategy developed and shared.
Objective II: Plant diversity is urgently and effectively conserved
Target 4: At least 15 per cent of each ecological region or vegetation type secured through effective management and/or restoration.
Target 5: At least 75 per cent of the most important areas for plant diversity of each ecological region protected with effective management in place for conserving plants and their genetic diversity.
Target 6: At least 75 per cent of production lands in each sector managed sustainably, consistent with the conservation of plant diversity.
Target 7: At least 75 per cent of known threatened plant species conserved in situ.
Target 8: At least 75 per cent of threatened plant species in ex situ collections, preferably in the country of origin, and at least 20 per cent available for recovery and restoration programmes.
Target 9: 70 per cent of the genetic diversity of crops including their wild relatives and other socio-economically valuable plant species conserved, while respecting, preserving and maintaining associated indigenous and local knowledge.
Target 10: Effective management plans in place to prevent new biological invasions and to manage important areas for plant diversity that are invaded.
Objective III: Plant diversity is used in a sustainable and equitable manner
Target 11: No species of wild flora endangered by international trade.
Target 12: All wild harvested plant-based products sourced sustainably.
Target 13: Indigenous and local knowledge innovations and practices associated with plant resources maintained or increased, as appropriate, to support customary use, sustainable livelihoods, local food security and health care.
Objective IV: Education and awareness about plant diversity, its role in sustainable livelihoods and importance to all life on earth is promoted
Target 14: The importance of plant diversity and the need for its conservation incorporated into communication, education and public awareness programmes.
Objective V: The capacities and public engagement necessary to implement the Strategy have been developed
Target 15: The number of trained people working with appropriate facilities sufficient according to national needs, to achieve the targets of this Strategy.
Target 16: Institutions, networks and partnerships for plant conservation established or strengthened at national, regional and international levels to achieve the targets of this Strategy.