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InterestOccasionally used as firewood by the nomads in the Sahel (Wickens et al. 1995). It is a valued fodder (leaves, flowers and seed pods) for camels, sheep and goats in the Sahelian regions, where it is pollarded in the dry season, however there are reports that cattle avoid it (Adam 1966 in Burkhill 1995). Also produces a reddish gum, inferior to gum arabic from A. senegal, and marketed along with other species as African gum arabic, it is used as an emolient in local medicine. The bark fibre is used for making ropes in the Sahelian regions, and a bark decoction to treat flatulence by the Tamachek tribe.
Other NotesCommon names: Chad: Edri (Goran), Talaha (Arabic); Egypt: Edri (Toubou); Mali: Tamat (Tam), Temewt (Tam); Niger: Tamat (Hausa); Saudi Arabia: Selim (Arabic); Sudan: Delau (Hadendoa), Selem (Arabic), Sellem (Arabic), Tena (Beni Amer). Species characteristics : Multistemmed small shrub or tree to 6 m high, with bark peeling off to reveal smooth greenish yellow inner layer. Found in the Sahel and in pockets in the Sahara and streaching to Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt, and widespread in Arabia. Occurs in dry semi desert scrub, and can locally dominate the area. Found on rocky basalt sites and granite sands, and on alluvium but doesnt like waterlogging. In Arabia found on both in wadis and plains on sandy or stony sites. Distribution: Algeria ; Cameroon ; Djibouti ; Egypt ; Ethiopia (Welo); Mali (Gao); Mauritania (Trarza, Inchiri, Assaba); Niger (Niamey, Tahoua, Zinder); Saudi Arabia; Sudan (Khartoum, Ash Sharqiyah, Ash Shamaliyah, ); ; Chad ; Eritrea . Specimen total: 61 Degree squares: 32 Collection years: 1867-1994 Phenology : Flowering period: Jan(4), Feb(5), Mar(6), Apr(7), May(4), Jun(1), Aug(1), Sep(4), Oct(3), Nov(2), Dec(3); Fruiting period: Feb(2), Mar(1), Apr(4), May(3), Jun(2), Aug(1), Sep(2), Oct(4), Nov(3), Dec(2) Altitude range: 5- (5-800) -1300m