senegal var. (L.) Willd.
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Places where this species can be found :
- Tamale -Yapei road - NSBPGHANA
Other NotesCommon names: Zimbabwe: three-thorned acacia; umhlahlalinye (Ndebele), S.Africa: Driehaakdoring (Afrikaans). Species characteristics: In the field, A. senegal can develop various very different growth forms. A. senegal var. rostrata and A. senegal var. kerensis only form low shrubs with flat crowns (although A. senegal var. rostrata can also form a small tree in southern Africa); whereas A. senegal var. senegal and A. senegal var. leiorhachis can develop into larger trees to 12 metres high (although A. senegal var. leiorhachis can also form a low bush with tall whippy stems that can reach 15 metres). The bark on the main trunk is yellowish to grey or greyish brown, rough and fissured or smooth and papery and peeling off in strips. Has prickles 2-8 mm long, grouped in threes at the nodes (leaf axils), with the central one hooked downwards and the two laterals more or less curved upwards, or a single prickle with the laterals absent. It has a relatively shallow root system; it can develop both tap root and lateral root systems depending on site conditions, and extended lateral roots under sandy conditions provide soil stabilization. Distribution: Angola (Huila, Cunene, Mocamedes); Botswana (Central Kalahari, Northern Division, Central, South East, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi); Mozambique (Sulo do save, Gaza, Maputo, Niassa, Nampula); Somalia (Bakool); South Africa (Transvaal, Natal, Zoutpansberg); Swaziland ); Unknown ); Zimbabwe (Buhera, Gwanda, Beitbridge, Chiredzi); Namibia (Kaokoland, Damaraland, Rehoboth, Windhoek, Otjiwarongo, Owambo, Maltahohe, Okahandja, Karibib, Mariental, Outjo, Luderitz, Omaruru, Altitude range: 45-1100m