The BRAHMS project

Botanical Research And Herbarium Management System

BRAHMS is a data management system, developed at Oxford Plant Sciences, providing curation and research support to herbaria, botanic gardens, seed banks, botanists, ecologists and others working broadly in the botanical sciences.

Used in about 80 countries, BRAHMS projects range in size from the taxonomic revisions of small genera through to managing some of the world's largest herbaria and national networks.

The largest single database with data and images for over 5 million botanical specimens runs at the National Herbarium of the Netherlands (Naturalis). The country with the largest number of individual projects is Brazil. A selection of project news items is available here.


  • Yasmin S. Baksh-Comeau, Shobha S. Maharaj, C. Dennis Adams, Stephen A. Harris, Denis L. Filer, William D. Hawthorne (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa, 250:1. DOI:
  • Goodwin, Z.A., Harris, D.J., Filer, D., Wood, J.R.I. & R.W. Scotland (2015). Widespread mistaken identity in tropical plant collections. Current Biology 25(22): 1066-1067.DOI:
  • Fernanda Antunes Carvalho, Denis Filer and Susanne S. Renner (2015). Taxonomy in the electronic age and an e-monograph of the papaya family (Caricaceae) as an example. Cladistics. 2015 31:3 321–329. DOI: 10.1111/cla.12095. Also available online.
  • Farjon, A, Filer, D.L. (2013) An Atlas of the World's Conifers. An Analysis of their Distribution, Biogeography, Diversity and Conservation Status. Brill, Leiden, Netherlands. ISBN: 9789004211803.
  • Moro, Marcelo Freire, Lughadha, Eimear Nic, Filer, Denis L., de Araújo, Francisca Soares, Martins, Fernando Roberto. (2014) A catalogue of the vascular plants of the Caatinga Phytogeographical Domain: a synthesis of floristic and phytosociological surveys. Phytotaxa. 160 (1): pp 1-118. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.160.1.1
  • Victor, JE, Smith, GF, Turland, NJ, le Roux, M, Paton, A, Figueiredo, E, Crouch, NR, van Wyk, AE, Filer, DL, van Wyk, E. (2013) Creating an Online World Flora by 2020: a perspective from South Africa Biodiversity and Conservation. doi:10.1007/s10531-013-0595-0
  • Phenological Predictability Index in BRAHMS: a tool for herbarium-based phenological studies. Ecography 2012.